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Freed blonde orangutan girl Alba doing well

Originally posted on Dear Kitty. Some blog:
https://youtu.be/gWzWCn1QC48 This 21 December 2018 video from Borneo in Indonesia says about itself: Update on Alba’s Reintroduction [Albino blonde orangutan girl] Alba [freed recently after reconvalescence] is doing very well, and has adapted quickly to her new home with friend Kika! Our PRM team has followed Alba since her return, waking at 3 a.m. before she rises to track her progress. Don’t worry, we will keep an eye on Alba and her pal. Read more here.

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Male Borneo frogs take care of tadpoles

Originally posted on Dear Kitty. Some blog:
https://youtu.be/eX5abcrmE7g This 16 October 2018 video from the USA says about itself: Johana Goyes-Vallejos (UConn and KU): Do Female Frogs Call? Dr. Johana Goyes-Vallejos discovers that in the smooth guardian frog of Borneo, female frogs call. In frog species, typically male frogs call, while females stay silent. Dr. Johana Goyes-Vallejos shows that in the smooth guardian frog of Borneo (Limnonectes palavanensis) this is not the case and that female frogs call, too, producing spontaneous vocalizations to attract males. Dr. Goyes-Vallejos’ discovery that female frogs call suggests that L. palavanensis exhibits a reversal in calling behavior and possibly a sex-role-reversed mating system, which would be the first ever observed in a frog species. Speaker Biography: Johana Goyes Vallejos received her bachelor’s degree in Biology from Universidad del Valle, in Cali, Colombia. For her Ph.D., she joined the lab of Dr. Kentwood Wells in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department at the University of Connecticut. Johana’s research interests include sexual selection and amphibian mating systems (frogs and toads), with a particular interest in species that exhibit parental care behavior. For her dissertation work, she focused on elucidating the mating system of the smooth guardian frog of Borneo (Limnonectes palavanensis), an unusual species about which very little was known when she began her work. Using a combination of extensive fieldwork, bioacoustics, and methods in behavioral ecology and animal communication, Johana described behaviors of this species that…

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Beef-eating ‘must fall drastically’ as world population grows

Originally posted on Exposing the Big Game:
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/dec/05/beef-eating-must-fall-drastically-as-world-population-grows-report Current food habits will lead to destruction of all forests and catastrophic climate change by 2050, report finds Damian Carrington in Katowice  @dpcarrington Wed 5 Dec 2018 05.29 ESTLast modified on Wed 5 Dec 2018  Cattle farming in California. Photograph: Frederic J Brown/AFP/Getty Images People in rich nations will have to make big cuts to the amount of beef and lamb they eat if the world is to be able to feed 10 billion people, according to a new report. These cuts and a series of other measures are also needed to prevent catastrophic climate change, it says. More than 50% more food will be needed by 2050, according to the World Resources Institute (WRI) report, but greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture will have to fall by two-thirds at the same time. The extra food will have to be produced without creating new farmland, it says, otherwise the world’s remaining forests face destruction. Meat and dairy production use 83% of farmland and produce 60% of agriculture’s emissions. Increasing the amount of food produced per hectare was the most critical step, the experts said, followed by cutting meat-eating and putting a stop to the wasting of one-third of food produced. “We have to change how we produce and consume food, not just for environmental reasons, but because this is an existential issue for humans,” said Janet Ranganathan, vice-president for science and research at the WRI. Tim Searchinger, of the WRI…

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Permian-Triassic mass extinction by global warming

Originally posted on Dear Kitty. Some blog:
https://youtu.be/S8dk19naJsU This July 2018 video says about itself: 252 million years ago 96% of all marine species and 70% of terrestrial vertebrate species vanished, this was the Permian extinction. From the University of Washington in the USA: Biggest mass extinction caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath December 6, 2018 Summary: By combining ocean models, animal metabolism and fossil records, researchers show that the Permian mass extinction in the oceans was caused by global warming that left animals unable to breathe. As temperatures rose and the metabolism of marine animals sped up, the warmer waters could not hold enough oxygen for their survival. The largest extinction in Earth’s history marked the end of the Permian period, some 252 million years ago. Long before dinosaurs, our planet was populated with plants and animals that were mostly obliterated after a series of massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia. Fossils in ancient seafloor rocks display a thriving and diverse marine ecosystem, then a swath of corpses. Some 96 percent of marine species were wiped out during the “Great Dying”, followed by millions of years when life had to multiply and diversify once more. What has been debated until now is exactly what made the oceans inhospitable to life — the high acidity of the water, metal and sulfide poisoning, a complete lack of oxygen, or simply higher temperatures. New research from the University of…

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